In recent years, CES largely has usurped the
North American International Auto Show in Detroit as the “first auto show of the year.” Automakers have used the annual
Las Vegas shindig for all things consumer electronics to highlight the
latest technology in vehicles.
So perhaps it was fitting that this
year NAIAS, more commonly known as the “Detroit Auto Show,” looked a bit
more like a technology trade show than a car show.
In addition to the major automakers’ press events
highlighting vehicles that soon could be on road and futuristic concepts cars, this year’s auto show featured sessions on artificial intelligence, autonomous vehicle systems, vehicle security and mobility.
GM highlighted 100 years of the truck at its booth at NAIAS — showcasing the evolution of what has become the
fastest-growing segment of passenger vehicles.
The show floor at Detroit’s Cobo Hall featured numerous displays of tech.
NAIAS, which opened to the industry and press on Sunday, featured a
keynote address by U.S. Transportation Secretary Elaine Chao, who told
attendees that the government will introduce updated guidelines this
summer for autonomous vehicles. The update will be the third set of
voluntary guidelines for autonomous vehicles issued by the federal
government since it introduced the first set in 2016.
Chao called on upon automotive executives and the media to educate the public on the future of driving, noting that security and safety remain a concern.
“The public and the private sectors have an obligation to lead by safely developing, testing and integrating this new technology into our transportation systems,” Chao said.
The technology within the autonomous vehicle is just one part of the mobility issue — cities may need to be retrofitted to handle the vehicles, but Mercedes demonstrated how special roads could be fit into the existing city grids.
“We’ve got to work together to ensure that our country retains its
eminent position as a global technology leader,” she added.
Safety and Security
One of this week’s biggest takeaways from the Detroit Auto Show was
that automakers, including Ford and GM, will continue to work closely with tech companies such as Intel and BlackBerry in developing autonomous vehicle technologies.
The front ends of driverless vehicles won’t be just a bumper and grill but will contain the various sensors that will allow the car to navigate on the roads.
Sensors such as LIDAR see in very different way from the human eye. The green on this display shows how a driverless car might distinguish humans from the surroundings.
Another LIDAR display shows how sensors in an autonomous vehicle can track people and movement on different visual spectrums.
However, it’s not clear whether the industry is heading down
the right road — there may not be a market audience at the
destination. Chao cited a recent AAA survey that found that 78 percent
of Americans expressed fear of even riding in an autonomous
On the other hand, just 47 percent of U.S.
consumers who participated in a recent Deloitte survey felt that a driverless car would be unsafe. That represented a
substantial drop from last year, when 74 percent of those polled felt
that autonomous vehicles would be unsafe.
Ford put attendees of the auto show in the passenger seat on a future road where autonomous vehicles will do the driving!
BlackBerry, in particular, was quick to address the
importance of security at the auto show. CEO John
Chen on Monday introduced the company’s latest cybersecurity product, one
designed specifically for vehicles. BlackBerry Jarvis can scan all
software components within a car and then predict and even fix any
“Connected and autonomous vehicles require some of the most complex
software ever developed, creating a significant challenge for
automakers who must ensure the code complies with industry and
manufacturer-specific standards while simultaneously battle-hardening
a very large and tempting attack surface for cybercriminals,”
Chen said during the BlackBerry keynote session.
Those comments were echoed by Sandeep Chennakeshir, BlackBerry’s
president of technical solutions.
The same security platform that was instrumental in making BlackBerry
smartphones the preferred choice of government and
military officials alike is being utilized with BlackBerry Jarvis.
“We’ve enhanced what made our handheld devices so secure and applied
it,” Chennakeshir said during the BlackBery keynote address. “What differentiates us is you can keep adding engines to scan new codes. When you have 20,000 files from hundreds of parts
suppliers, you have to know you can trust the integrity of the codes.”
Although the willingness of consumers to
embrace the autonomous vehicle remains uncertain, NAIAS
already has embraced the companies behind its development. The
Michigan Economic Development Corporation played a major
role in supporting Automobili-D, the second year for an event that
brought more than 50 startups from around the world to Detroit.
The future vehicle may look more like something out of a sci-fi story as noted in this presentation in the Automobili-D Showcase.
The event, which runs through the first weekend of the public show,
has been described as a crucial connector of mobility startups to
automotive and mobility companies, suppliers and related
These companies include firms that are working to develop
technology in five categories: the connected car,
autonomous driving, e-mobility, mobility services, and smart cities.
Another Automobili-D Showcase presentation that highlights the future where the car may do the driving.
other centers of learning also were present at the Automobili-D, including the University of Michigan, Wayne State University in Detroit and the University of Waterloo in Ontario,
Canada. In total, this year’s Automobili-D event has attracted 83 exhibitors.
VR, Simulators and Concepts
Perhaps one of the most notable ways that this year’s NAIAS embraced
technology was in the use of simulators, including augmented and
virtual reality. Normally at an auto show, all eyes are on the new cars, but this year a
fair number of exhibits guided viewers’ eyes either to a screen or VR headset.
At this year’s NAIAS all eyes weren’t on the cars or models, many were looking at virtual reality presentations such as one offered by Mercedes, which highlighted its design process.
This isn’t the first year that VR has been featured at the show, but
Mercedes and Ford each offered experiences that highlighted the design process as much as the actual driving experience.
Designing a car isn’t easy, but GM’s DesignStudio presentation highlight how the process can now utilize freehand design with high-tech tools.
Ford kept things a little old school in the
simulation area, offering attendees a chance to ride in a Ranger
Simulator that resembled a high-end amusement park ride, providing a tactile experience to accompany the visuals.
It wasn’t just VR simulators at this year’s NAIAS — Ford utilized a more traditional simulator to allow attendees to get the feel of being in a Ford Ranger in off-road conditions.
No auto show would be complete without a few concept
vehicles. While BMW, Chrysler and Nissan, among others, presented cars
that might never move beyond the concept stage, Ford’s Self Driving
Delivery Vehicle was one that actually has a few road miles already.
The car, a Ford Fusion hybrid, recently rolled on the streets of Ann
Arbor — home to the University of Michigan — as part of a test with
the hometown Domino’s Pizza franchise. The vehicle was used in actual
deliveries, but with a human in the car for safety reasons.
Ford’s Self Driving Delivery Vehicle can bring the pizza to you — but you still have to go to the car to get it!
Even though it
meant people would have to walk outside to claim their deliveries, reactions to the idea were positive.
Ford has announced that it will partner with the
on-demand delivery service Postmates. Perhaps the “50-foot rule” — the
distance people reportedly are willing to walk to retrieve an
item — will be the new norm, and the driverless car will replace the delivery person.